Children with special needs require special consideration, attention and support. Family and the daycare providers have to work in conjunction to improve the Childs output. The diagnosis and early intervention addresses the Childs unmet medical needs.
Children with special needs refer to people who are diagnosed with disabilities to do normal day to day activities. These children can have problems by birth or have developed illness later on in life. The Special needs children can have cognitive impairment, psychiatric problem, developmental delays or food allergies. The children face challenges which make it difficult for them to compete and work like normal children. The disabilities can last for lifetime; they need extra support from family and care providers.
Why is it early diagnosis and medical intervention important in children with special needs?
Parents are the first person who can witness the children abilities and disabilities. Any doubts and fears should be brought to the immediate medical intervention. This can help in alleviating the signs and symptoms of disability or disease progression to some extent. The healthcare team can with immediate effect help child sharpen the developmental skills and allows for the growth.
The families need both emotional and financial support in raising such children they have to be patient and help the child in doing daily activities. Parents will have mixed emotions of anger, grief and thoughts of abandoning. It takes time for the family to accept the special needs children and focus on the child development.
What are the different special needs children and who can diagnose these disabilities?
According to consensus of 2005 18.5% of American Children under age 18 are Special Needs Children. The diagnosis of special care child is done based on the behavior, physical state and family history. A certified healthcare professional should release a certificate confirming the disability.
These children can be categories broadly into are four major types of special needs children:
1. Physical Disability: The child will suffer from any of these diseases such as muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, chronic asthma, epilepsy, etc.
2. Developmental Disability – down syndrome, autism, dyslexia, processing disorders
3. Behavioral/Emotional Disability – Attention Deficit Disorder, bi-polar, oppositional defiance disorder, etc.
4. Sensory Impaired – Blind, visually impaired, deaf, limited hearing
The disabilities can be identified by the gynecologist and obstetrician at the time of birth, general physician, healthcare provider or at a child development center.
How to identify child with special needs?
The child may find it difficult in learning, reading and writing, lack concentration, won’t be able to make friends. The other physically visible disabilities such as blind, irregular hands or legs are identified easily.
Try to visit a specialist who is near to the residence, this helps in easy travel along with the special needs child to the place, as the child is required to see the healthcare professional frequently. On the other hand your doctor has to be available in school sessions to analyze the child and help him perform better.